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Sleep Medicine

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In what may be the largest study of sleep problems among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), researchers at UC Davis have found that widely undiagnosed sleep disorders may be at the root of the most common and disabling symptom of the disease: fatigue. Study paticipant reports of sleep disorder frequency, sleep patterns and complaints of excessive daytime sleepiness suggest that sleep problems may be a hidden epidemic in the MS population.

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A sleep-promoting circuit located deep in the primitive brainstem has revealed how we fall into deep sleep. Discovered by researchers at Harvard School of Medicine and the University of Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, this is only the second "sleep node" identified in the mammalian brain whose activity appears to be both necessary and sufficient to produce deep sleep.  Using designer genes, researchers were able to 'turn on' specific neurons in the brainstem that result in deep sleep.

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Insomnia can cause chronic inflammation, which can lead to weight gain, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and earlier death. This study finds that curing the insomnia reduces the inflammation and hopefully reduces disease. It also found the best way to cure lack of sleep is through the use of a common psychotherapy treatment - cognitive behavioural therapy.

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Getting enough sleep is important to people of any age, but it is especially so for teenagers, with insufficient sleep possibly being linked to obesity as an adult.

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A study is shining new light on a sleep disorder called “sleep drunkenness.” The disorder may be as prevalent as affecting one in every seven people. Sleep drunkenness disorder involves confusion or inappropriate behaviour, such as answering the phone instead of turning off the alarm, during or following arousals from sleep, either during the first part of the night or in the morning. An episode, often triggered by a forced awakening, may even cause violent behaviour during sleep or amnesia of the episode.

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Ever wondered about the effects of binge sleeping? Are naps bad or how long should you nap for? For all these myths debunked follow the link

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TSGQ Sleep Diary

This sleep diary should be completed during the two weeks immediately prior to a multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) or a maintenance of wakefulness test (MWT). The diary consists of fourteen 24 hour graphs.  Please bring the completed diary with you when you attend the overnight study before your MSLT or MWT.

At bedtime, just before turning out the lights, record the following daily activities using the appropriate symbols at the appropriate time (Note: MN - midnight; MD – midday)

F Food
C Caffeine one “C” for each cup of tea, coffee or Coke
A Alcohol one “A” for each glass
NB Beginning of nap
NE End of nap
M Medication (ie: sleeping pill, sedative, regular medication)
Time you turned out lights to go to sleep

After your final morning wakening, but before getting out of bed, record the following:

  • Draw a thick line over the times you were asleep overnight.  Leave gaps for any time you were awake.
  • Mark the time at which you finally awoke and did not return to sleep with the appropriate symbol:
S Woke spontaneously
AL Woken by alarm or other stimuli
Time you actually got out of bed
  • In column A, estimate the time (in minutes) that it took to fall asleep after lights out
  • In column B, estimate the total amount of time spent awake (if at all) during the night (AFTER initially falling asleep and BEFORE finally waking)
  • Use the comments section below the sleep graphs to note any events which may affect your sleep

Download Sleep Diary (114kb)

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