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Thoracic Medicine

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Sleep Medicine

Latest News

New research confirms that sleep disturbances are linked to pain and depression, but not disability, among patients with osteoarthritis (OA).  Results from a new study found that poor sleep increases depression and disability, but does not worsen pain over time.

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Older women with disordered breathing during sleep were found to be at greater risk of decline in the ability to perform daily activities, such as grocery shopping and meal preparation, according to a new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of California, San Francisco.

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People with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea may have an intrinsic inability to burn high amounts of oxygen during strenuous aerobic exercise, according to a new study led by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.

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This webinar will be a clinical presentation in assessing a child who presents with snoring. Snoring is a very common presentation in childhood with some studies suggesting that up to 30% of children will snore at some point in their life. Within those that snore, there will be some who have obstructive sleep apnoea.

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Sleep apnoea may make it hard for you to remember simple things, such as where you parked your car or left your house keys, a small study suggests.

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Researchers believe that disrupted circadian clocks are the reason that shift workers experience higher incidences of type 2 diabetes, obesity and cancer. The body's primary circadian clock, which regulates sleep and eating, is in the brain. But other body tissues also have circadian clocks, including the liver, which regulates blood glucose levels.

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Lung Function Testing Preparation

Lung Function Testing Preparation 

 

A lung function test is a series of breathing tests where you will be required to breathe in different patterns through a mouthpiece.  These patterns may require you to breath fast, take big breaths in, empty your lungs out and hold your breath.  The respiratory scientist conducting the test will talk you through each process.  A lung function test is a simple, non-invasive way to examine the lungs and your breathing.

Why am i having this test?

There are many different reasons your doctor may send you to get a lung function test.  Some of these reasons include:

  • To diagnose the cause of a cough or shortness of breath
  • To evaluate the severity of disease
  • As a general check-up for lung health especially if you have had exposure to cigarette smoke or other hazardous chemicals
  • To track disease progression

What do i bring to my test?

If you take any inhalers bring these along with you to your test.  Wear comfortable clothes that will not restrict your breathing

How long will the test take?

The lung function test generally takes about half an hour.  The exact length of the test will vary for each individual.

Could i feel unwell during the test?

During the testing you may feel a little bit breathless.  The tests can also make you cough and lightheaded for a few seconds.  This is normal and you will be given time to recover between tests.  There are no side effects from testing and you will be fine to drive home afterwards.

patient instructions:

All patients are asked to refrain from the following before all tests:

  • Smoking (1 hour)
  • Consuming alcohol or caffeinated drinks (4 hours)
  • Performing vigorous exercise (1 hour)
  • Eating a large meal (2 hours)
  • Wearing restrictive clothing

Specific test instructions:

For these tests Spirometry before and after bronchodilator, Six minute walk test and/or FeNO please note the following:

4 hours before – do not take relievers such as Ventolin, Bricanyl, Atrovent, Asmol or Airomir

12 hours before – do not take long acting relievers such as Foradil, Oxis or Serevent

Mannitol Challenge Test

The Mannitol challange test require some small preparation for the results to be interpreted accurately.

You have been asked by your doctor to perform a Mannitol Challenge test.  During the test you will inhale some Mannitol – which is a sugary powder.  Between doses you will perform spirometry (a simple breathing test) to assess how your lungs respond to the Mannitol.  It is important that you do not take certain medications prior to your test – please refer to the following table.  If you feel you need to take your medications do not hesitate to take them, and call your doctor to reschedule your test appointment.


Things Not To Take:



Day of test

Caffeine (coffee, energy drinks, cola or chocolate), do not smoke or perform vigorous exercise.


8 Hours before test

Ventolin, Bricanyl, Atrovent, Asmol, Airomir, Intal, Tilade


12 Hours before test

Pulmicort, Flixotide Atrovent, QVar, Becloforte, Becotide


48 Hours before test

Seretide, Symbicort, Serevent, Oxis, Nuelin


72 Hours before test

Spiriva, Zyrtec, Telfast, Claratyne


4 Days before

Singulair



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Skin Allergen Testing

72 hours prior to this test avoid taking any form of antihistamines (e.g.: Zyrtec, Telfast or Claratyne).

Nasal Resistance Testing

4 hours prior to this test avoid using any nasal vasoconstrictors.

If you have taken any medications or performed any activities which you think might influence (either positively or negatively) the results of any of these tests inform the respiratory staff prior to the test commencing.


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